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What Is Comprehensive Agreement on the Bangsamoro

JICA congratulates the Philippine government and the MILF on this historic agreement, which is an opportunity to move closer to real peace and sustainable prosperity. It is JICA`s sincere desire to continue to assist conflict-affected areas by supporting institution-building and human resource development through the new Bangsamoro government, improving people`s livelihoods and improving regional development in the medium and long term. To achieve its goal of liberating Bangsamoro, the MNLF engaged government forces in extensive armed collisions,[5] which reached their peak in the early 70s, when rebel blitzes allowed them to control a significant number of communities around the town of Cotabato and its airport complex. This prompted the Marcos regime to increase its military presence by stationing nearly three-quarters of the army[6] in most of Mindanao`s Muslim neighborhoods. Things took another turn in 1976 when Libyan leader Muammar Gaddafi negotiated an agreement[7] that led to the signing of the Tripoli Agreement[8], which introduced the concept of an autonomous Muslim region in Mindanao. On August 1, 1989, under the mandate of the new 1987 Constitution,[9] Congress enacted Republic Act 6734,[10] which approved the establishment of the Autonomous Region of Muslim Mindanao (ARMM). However, of the 13 provinces and 9 cities that participated in the referendum[11], only the provinces of Lanao del Sur, Maguindanao, Sulu and Tawi-Tawi decided to be part of the ARMM. The ARMM was officially founded on November 6, 1990. [12] On the 15th. In October 2012, the Philippine government signed a high-profile document touted as a framework agreement on the Bangsamoro, culminating in the Aquino government`s efforts to end the stalemate in the peace process. While this new document only provides a general framework for the peace negotiations themselves, he announced that «the status quo is unacceptable and bangsamoro should be created to replace the Autonomous Region of Muslim Mindanao (ARMM). The Bangsamoro was the new autonomous political entity (NPE) mentioned in the decision points of the April 2012 principles.

According to President Aquino, it was the agreement that could «finally seal the real and lasting peace in Mindanao.» [15] With Bangsamoro replacing ARMM, which President Benigno Aquino III described as «a failed experiment.» [16] In the spirit of preparing for the transition, there have been a number of different efforts to examine what a ministerial form of government means in the Philippine context, particularly in conjunction with the two elements of the MILF and with the Bangsamoro Transitional Commission, which (like the CRCC) has been tasked with drafting a bill for consideration by Congress. The Konrad Adenaur Foundation focused on the electoral system in meetings with cadres, presented options and produced a document advocating proportional representation as the best system to deal with the different ethnic and religious minorities in Bangsamoro. The International Foundation for Electoral Systems conducted a similar analysis, simulating the results under different counting systems and pointing out that a parallel electoral system both by constituency for assembly members and by proportional voting system for parties helps to reconcile accountability to citizens with minority representation. The local organization DemokraXXIa also examined different electoral systems and examined the experiences of political parties in Muslim-majority countries. The current ARMM Charter lists 14 areas that do not fall within the powers of the regional legislature. In this comprehensive peace agreement, the parties list 81 powers reserved for the central government, exclusively for the Bangsamoro and at the same time shared with or by both parties for power-sharing. Of the 81 powers, 58 are transferred to Bangsamoro, nine are reserved for the central government and 14 are divided. [2] The Bangsamoro Framework Agreement and four annexes, namely transitional provisions and modalities, revenue generation and wealth sharing, power sharing and standardisation, and addition to bangsamoro waters, are included in the global agreement.

[3] The Philippine Armed Forces lifted red alert status on March 24 in preparation for the event. Philippine President Benigno Aquino III, President Hadji Murad Ibrahim and Malaysian Prime Minister Najib Razak are among the personalities expected to sign the agreement. [4] The long-standing uprising of Muslims in the Mindanao and Sulu archipelagos was an urgent national security issue for the Philippines. Several peace agreements were concluded there, but their implementation was usually a problem. The latest agreement, the Bangsamoro Peace Process between the Philippine government and the Moro Islamic Liberation Front (MILF), aims to create an autonomous region of Bangsamoro through the adoption of the Bangsamoro Basic Law (BBL). Across the Philippines, political parties are notoriously weak, largely forming vehicles cobbled together between different individuals to contest certain elections. For a ministerial form of government to adequately represent citizens in any form of proportional representation, parties must be meaningful. The Asia Foundation has published an evaluation of the party for the Bangsamoro, outlining what could be done to strengthen the parties` ability to serve the interests of citizens. DemokraXXIa and the Bangsamoro Institute of Studies worked with the MILF to develop an understanding of what is involved in building disciplined and principled parties – at the main Darapanan Maguindanao camp and in other camps to explore a roadmap for the future with MILF cadres.

As a result, the MILF plans to form a party to participate in the May 2016 parliamentary elections. – The Declaration on the Continuity of Negotiations, signed in June 2010, which includes the parts of the memorandum of understanding on the ancestral domain (MOA-AD) which failed. «The conclusion of the comprehensive agreement is important not only for the Bangsamoro, the people of Mindanao and all other Filipino citizens, all of whom must be conquered as a country that continues its unfinished task of nation-building.» – Prof. Miriam Coronel-Ferrer, chair of the GPH Peace Group after the 1996 final peace agreement with the Moro National Liberation Front (MNLF), the MNLF moved directly and abruptly to leadership positions in the Muslim Autonomous Region of Mindanao (ARMM) and other institutions led by the MNLF`s founding president, Nur Misuari. MNLF members had little or no experience in government offices and development practices, which many said contributed to the «failure» of the ARMM. As part of the peace process, institutions were put in place to begin the transition even before the conclusion of the Comprehensive Agreement. .